A.C.J. Vermeulen (Angelo) PhD
Starships – or interstellar craft – are considered the next major leap in the exploration of the Cosmos by mankind. Currently starship development is in its infancy due to the lack of a practical and adequate propulsion technology. If we consider manned interstellar travel the challenge is even more complex, and also shifts towards creating a fully autonomous system that is resilient over a long period of time. In fact a starship can be considered as the ultimate model for closed, autonomous systems, and as such has functional applicability in creating a more sustainable Earth. Traditionally, space systems design is being guided by incorporating as many contingencies as possible, and then training and anticipating for that. However, because of the sheer scale and inherent unpredictability of an interstellar mission, this approach cannot be relied upon any longer. A fundamentally different design paradigm is needed. Any manned space architecture that is geared towards long-term exploration needs to address the needs of three core systems: the technical, social and ecological system. This study proposes the merging of those three systems into one participatory system as a key strategy to deal with uncertain futures. This merging is achieved through the application of three interrelated design principles: (1) radical integration, (2) evolvability, and (3) co-creation. The proposed design paradigm is informed by a series of art/science projects in which technical, social and ecological systems are explicitly merged. Through a Living Labs analysis the internal dynamics of these projects are disentangled and described. The three design principles naturally emerge out of this analysis. Consequently the repercussions of applying these design principles on space systems design are explored through a series of simulations. The HI-SEAS Mars simulation entailed a 4-month isolation experiment with a crew of 6 participants. Results drawn from this study are complemented by agent-based modeling. A virtual simulation of evolvable starship architectures explores the concept of embedding evolution into space systems. Finally overall conclusions are drawn on how the proposed design paradigm could lead to mission success during deep space exploration.
A.D. Sutmuller (Daan), MSc
With my background as analyst of the Dutch police, I’m interested in the decision-making within criminal investigations. The research focuses on the prioritizing of persons of interest and scenarios in major criminal investigations. The exponential technological development in the last decades has led to a range of new pieces of evidence and a world of limitless access to data. Little is known about the influence of these developments on the process of decision-making within criminal investigations. The interpretation and weighing of evidence, ranging from the classic eye witness testimony to the new highly advanced digital or forensic evidence and the translation to the managing of the investigation onto the right person of interest or scenario is becoming extremely complex. The objective of the research is to design a model that supports the prioritizing of persons of interest and scenarios in criminal investigations.
Promotors: Prof. Dr. Pieter van Gelder, Dr. Marielle den Hengst-Bruggeling
A.H. de Jong (Afaina)
AYŞEGÜL BİNALI, (MA in International Relations, International Law and European Union)
Having been working for one of the key international organizations for nine years as international law and protection officer, I analyze the conduct of war and peace building efforts in the context of refugee law, human rights and humanitarian law. I assess the multicultural, multinational and multi organizational complex systems involved within decision making mechanisms of the United Nations, EU and the NATO, and their exercise in the field in the context of the humanitarian intervention, peace building and humanitarian assistance.
With my PHD research, I aim to develop an efficient and transparent information data management system through participatory assessments, community based approach and input of all international and national actors involved in humanitarian intervention, peace building and stability in order to ensure protection of civilians; particularly children who are among the most vulnerable..
Sustainable Development of Agri Food Networks.
The Netherlands is second to the USA the largest exporter of agri-food products in the world. With more than 100 years of development in close cooperation between, government, business and research and education an advanced, efficient and cost effective sector has risen. The productivity focus has although led to a situation of oversupply and subsequently dropping prices, facing bankruptcy for large number of primary producers. The research is focusing on modelling of sustainable business models, regaining trust and simulation of supply chains.
F.X. dos Santos Fonseca (Xavier)
I am a High-Performance Engineer, so I am interested in GPGPU, embedded programming, multi-threaded highly optimized applications, multi-processor architectures, and, more recently, Participatory Crowd Sensing and Social Engineering.
I. Banerjee (Indushree)
My research interests are catered around facilitating network resilience for the sustainable development of society. The interconnected nature of strongly coupled networked systems, such as the Internet, has created a co-dependence which is bound to have devastating consequences if parts of it are compromised. The main research challenges are providing scalability, reliability and security to the changing network dynamics. My doctoral studies are an attempt to investigate these current challenges of complex distributed infrastructures. Determine and develop models to enhance network resilience and fault tolerance for a scalable and secure future network infrastructure and services. I am interested to analyze and evaluate the complicated interplay between technology, market trends and user requirements for developing sustainable solutions.
Ir. V. Dourali (Vasiliki)
With my background in mechanical engineering, and more particularly in engineering and management of energy resources and in techno-economic systems, I am interested in the assessment of the environmental impact of operational power grids. A fairly large percentage of the global climate change is currently due to the anthropogenic activity for power production and provision to end users. However, all energy sources and all power grids do not contribute the same to climate change. My main research interest focuses on exploring methods through which the environmental impact of power grids can be assessed in real-time, continuously and holistically during their operation. Smart power grids could play a key role in smart energy and environmental management of operational power grids.
J. Janeiro (Jordan), MSc
My research focuses on providing flexible computer-mediated support in collaborative problem-solving processes. The goal of my research is to identify and define profiles of interaction support in such processes and implement them as means of flexibility in groupware. I currently use collaborative diagnosis processes in preventive maintenance as a reference scenario. I am currently assigned in the Smart Vortex project.
'I am part of the networks and the networks are part of me...I link, therefore I am.'1.[i] In today's networked society, our ‘electronicaly and digitally enhanced bodies’ are often present at one location and ‘meet’ simultaneously with others at several other locations, temporalities and social settings. This project contributes to the foundations of the design of trust, from the perspective of experience, both in private and public spaces, physical and virtual. ‘Tele_Trust’ focuses on exploration of the sensory experience of visibility, presence, reciprocity, and trust in contemporary mediated society. The implications for design of embodiment in participatory systems is core to this project. The research questions address (1) design for perception and experience of trust, (2) design of the experience of physical closeness in mediated realities , (3) design of situational awareness in public and private spaces. Research through art practice includes the design of a series of experimental ‘social labs’ as ‘meeting places’. These ‘social labs’ are designed on the basis of artistic and scientific analysis, created as artistic work, and presented in smart public spaces in different geo-political contexts and socio- cultural domains. The public will be invited to participate and reflect as co-researchers on their experience of important concepts related to embodiment and trust (e.g. ’presence’, ‘identity’, and ‘community’). The methodology of reflective witnessing will provide a source of information for analysis, synthesis and understanding of embodiment and intersubjective engagement in participatory networked systems.
In ‘Tele_Trust’ new insights, innovative technologies, and the human body meet to initiate and inspire new types of intersubjective engagement.
[i] William J. Mitchell, ME++: The Cyborg Self and the Networked City, 2004.
With my background in agriculture industrial engineering, I am interested in the food supply chain, especially in developing countries. My current research topic is in the application of a traceability system for food safety assurance in developing countries. The main focus of the research is to design a system that involves small actors and that can be applied both for export and the domestic market.
Promotor: Prof. Dr. Frances Brazier
Supervisor: Dr. Sander van Splunter
M. Sedighi (Mohammad), MSc.
Enterprise social networks (ESN) have been developed in large organization as a contemporary knowledge management system. As a main challenge, participation through ESN needs to be addressed by participants’ perceived benefits. In my research, I focus on the participants’ engaggement by exploring perceived benefits and costs in organizational networks. Exploring different perceived benefits and costs, which are promoted by ESNs’ prosperities, helps to design socio-technical incentive plans for participation. Moreover, the scope of my research is restricted to the resource-constrained environments.
Marco Wilde Dipl. Ing. MST (Micro System Technology)
Complex systems engineering in large international organizations is more and more dependent on efficient and well-functioning collaborative ecosystems. The design and operation of such an asset is seen as an important challenge and therefore it is currently discussed from a multi-disciplinary perspective. In my research I focus on the individual’s appraisal of such an ecosystem and respective coping mechanisms. Understanding motivational implications and emotional coping helps to design and influence collaboration ecosystems according the needs of actors and organizations. The research is done is close cooperation with industrial partners.
Nina Voulis, MSc
I am focusing on the integration of decentralised renewable energy resources in the electricity grid. Having many decentralized resources means that many more consumers become prosumers which requires an entirely different approach to grid organisation. I am looking at how dynamic microgrids can be used to balance demand and supply, how they can be used to develop new market mechanisms using these dynamic microgrids could lead to improvements in grid stability.
S. Čaušević (Selma), MSc
My research is focused on the application of bio-inspired computing in the area of Smart Grids. I am interested in the design of self-healing systems and exploring the ways self-optimization and distributed Grid configuration could improve the energy distribution system’s resilience. I am currently working on the Adaptive clustering for Decentralised Resilient Energy Management (ADREM) project.
Seyed Alireza Rezaee, MSc
My intended research is about improving the performance of supply chains in complex environments. The research goal is to introduce a framework for designing and implementing multi agent based supply chain management by conducting a multi disciplinary research in the fields of Multi Agent Systems, Systems Engineering and Management Science.